The boreal and subpolar regions of Europe are characterised by relatively cold climate, resulting in com-parably slow landscape processes, lower species diversity and limited options for land use by humans. We want to study and analyse these land systems from different perspectives: physical geographical components such as permafrost landforms (e.g. palsas) and processes (e.g. solifluction and glacial), veg-etation development (incl. tree line) and aquatic ecology. These components form the natural base for human land uses including forestry, reindeer husbandry, tourism, nature conservation or mining. Hence, also various human activities and the ecosystem services they harvest will be assessed.